The fasted fish showed catch-up growth, lower incidence of sexual maturation at harvest
By Liza Mayer
Farmed Atlantic salmon occasionally abstain from food for a variety of reasons, such as when they lose appetite when sick, or when feed is withheld to keep the water clear (no feces to cloud it) before major farming operations.
But concerns have been raised about the impact of fasting on fish welfare. There’s also the perceived reduction in economic value arising from growth loss.
Now, findings of a new study from Norway may allay those concerns.
Dr. Malthe Hvas, head of the study team from the Institute of Marine Research, says the strict focus on continuous feeding in salmon farming due to those concerns is likely exaggerated.
“Our studies show that Atlantic salmon are surprisingly resilient and robust to cope well with prolonged fasting periods, if they have to, and that they have the capacity to compensate growth loss if time allows it,” he told Aquaculture North America.
The study team put Atlantic salmon on a fasting regimen for eight weeks. Their aim was to evaluate impacts on fish welfare in Atlantic salmon post-smolts following the fasting period and to compare growth trajectories during fasting and subsequent re-feeding with a continuously fed control group until harvest.
They found that farmed Atlantic salmon were able to fully compensate growth loss following the fasting period by accelerating feed intake and growth rates above those of continuously fed counterparts.
“However, catch-up growth still took several months to achieve, which emphasizes the need for longer studies to fully discern compensatory growth capacities in fish,” the authors wrote.
In addition, the fasted fish did not become aggressive and did not show lower welfare scores than their continuously fed counterparts. Occurrences of vertebral deformities were lower than those of the fed counterparts . And, perhaps more importantly, the fasted fish had lower incidence of sexual maturation at harvest.
The findings may lead Norwegian aquaculture authorities to rethink whether it is still necessary to formulate welfare guidelines for allowable fasting periods.
For the study team, guidelines “may ultimately be redundant since the required time to initiate severe starvation takes much longer than any realistically encountered fasting period in Atlantic salmon aquaculture.”
For salmon farmers, that’s one less guideline to deal with.