Aquaculture North America

How to make land-based salmon farming more profitable

June 28, 2018
By Treena Hein

Ryan Chatterson, a commercial aquaponics farmer and consultant in aquaponics design, engineering and educational services discusses how adding greens to your salmon makes a lot of sense.

Land-based salmon farming could become more profitable with aquaponics

Can aquaponics serve as a catalyst to bring sustainable salmon production out of net pens and into land-based RAS facilities? Ryan Chatterson, who owns an aquaponics operation called Chatterson Farms with his wife Katie in Clermont, Florida, certainly believes so.

Earlier in his career, Chatterson spent 10 years working at Aquatic Eco-Systems (now Pentair), where he assisted in thousands of aquaponic projects ranging from backyard systems to large commercial designs. He is also the founder and president of Aquaponic Engineering and Design, a custom design and consulting company. At Aquaculture America 2018 in Las Vegas in February, he listed many reasons why aquaponics now broadly makes more sense than ever for land-based farming of salmon and other fish.

At this point in history, humanity has an increased understanding of how to concentrate nutrients from the waste of fish and other livestock, he notes, at the same time sources of phosphorus around the world are being depleted. Chatterson also explained that better automation in hydroponics is now making investment in aquaponics more attractive than ever. Another important point is that increasingly, aquaculture operations are having to pay to remove wastes from fish farm effluent, which aquaponics minimizes or makes unnecessary. Chatterson also noted that certification using RAS fish waste as organic nutrient source has recently been upheld in the United States, making it possible to market the produce at a premium organic price.

Revenue estimates


Chatterson told the audience: “Why go through all the trouble of adding an aquaponic component to your aquaculture business? Well, you can diversify your revenue stream. You’re spreading risk across multiple profit centres. Money is coming in the door back fast to fuel that business, within six to eight weeks of start-up…Investors like to hear that.” Aquaponics, he said, also increases your profit margins, as the profit margin from the greens is quite large.

In terms of the monetary value of fish waste, Chatterson presented many calculations (on trout, since he does not farm salmon). He says that if 50 kg of feed is fed per day to RAS-growing rainbow trout with a 1.2 feed conversion rate, the result would be 15,208 kg/year (or 33,458 lbs/year) of rainbow trout. At $2.64/kg (or $1.20/lb), that’s a potential gross profit of $40,150/year before costs.

Using the wastewater from the same setup can result in 112,000 heads of lettuce per month (or 39,000 kg). Bibb lettuce, Chatterson said, was priced wholesale at $2.27/lb in 2016, which would provide a monthly gross profit of $195,220 or a yearly gross profit of $2,342,640 before costs. In the same situation, about 3,900 tomato plants can be supported, providing a harvest of 6,400 to 12,000 kg (14,000 to 26,400 lbs) of tomatoes on average per month at $3.34/kg ($1.52/lb), amounting to a potential gross profit of $252,000 to $580,800 a year.

Chatterson lastly pointed out that making fish waste a part of one’s story in the form of aquaponics is good PR. “It gives your firm the ability to make legitimate ‘green’ claims and can set you apart from your competitors, and the ‘green’ nature of aquaponics might also open up new opportunities for borrowing or grants,” he said.

He advises RAS operations that don’t want to grow plants to convert fish waste into dry organic fertilizer, liquid hydroponic concentrate or concentrated soil inoculant. “Just don’t flush that ‘liquid gold’ down the drain,” Chatterson says. And even though it may not seem that aquaponics will be a solution for everyone, “market research should still be done as it might be a game-changer for your business,” he suggested.

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